Szilvásvárad and neighborhood
Szilvásvárad lies 32 kilometers
North of Eger, on the Western part of the Bükk Mountains. It’s height
above sea-level is 345 meters. This little mountain-village - which
has very long past - is situated in wonderful surroundings. It is
a well-known international holiday resort and it’s Szalajka-valley
is part of the National Park of Bükk Mountains, nature conservation
area. Main sights: the picturescque Szalajka-valley, Veil-waterfall,
Rock-spring, Open-air Museum which is unique in Europe, a Game Preserve,
Caveman’s Cave, Stock farm of trouts, Fish Lakes, Narrow-gauge Railway.
In the village - which has about 2.800 inhabitants - the world-famous
Lipican stud are bred. The Lipican horses have a 500-year-long history.
In whole year colourful programs are tempting here the longers for
some relaxation, sport, amusement and ones who simply wish to have
an excursion. Horse programs, shows, carriage trips make complete
the fun facilities. The lovers of horse-riding have a chance to
discover the country-side on horseback, while children can ride
on a pony. For the winter sledge tour warm clothing is suggested!
This place is a paradise of nature-lovers also. You can get yourself
familiar with the nature, the local culture, handicrafts and the
tradition of horse-breeding in interesting special museums. Apart
from the horse-sport, one can try the near ski courses (with lifts
and lighting), mountain-bikes, cave-tour, rock-climbing, archery
and a mountain tour with a qualified guide. In every year several-day
horse festivals attract thousands of people here. A “new tradition”
in the village is the grape harvest festival in autumn.
The Szalajka Valley is one the
most stunning mountain valleys in the Bükk Hills and indeed in Hungary.
The countryside here is simply overwhelmingly beautiful, but there
is also plentiful historical heritage too.
The Szalajka Stream, the Rock Spring (Sziklaforrás),
Veil Waterfall, and the forest study trail are amongst the natural
treasures here. Places of historical interest include the Istállóskő
Cave where prehistoric findings of cavemen were discovered, the
Open-air Forestry Museum which evokes the industrial life of the
area, Mary's iron mine (Mária-vasbánya), and the nearby historical
castle ruins of Éleskővár and Gerennavár.
Veil Waterfall (Fátyol-vízesés),
The travertine steps of the spectacularly beautiful
Veil Waterfall (Fátyol-vízesés) were created by nature as the limestone
deposit gradually covered the water plants and the roots of the
trees, turning them into stone.
The precipitation falling on the water catchment
area of the Bükk Plateau (Bükk-fennsík) disappears in sinkholes,
also called dolina. As the water absorbs carbon dioxide from the
air it creates carbonic acid which first dissolves the limestone.
When it reaches the surface again it deposits the limestone crystals
forming calcareous tufa dams, or travertine. The dissolved limestone
then covers the steps as a transparent veil, forming ever more terraces
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